From eBabel
Jump to navigationJump to search

Note: by default, assume these instructions are for Debian 10.

Change system wide the default text editor in Debian

sudo update-alternatives --config editor

Then choose vim.basic (my favourite!)

Create a symbolic link

ln -s <destination file or directory> <name of the symlink>

Cron jobs

List cron jobs

crontab -l

Update cron jobs

One entry per line.

crontab -e

For example, to run a cron job every single day at 2am, write 0 2 * * * /scripts/ and define inside that file what the job is.

Configure multiple sites on a bitnami debian server


Select A or B setup

There are 2 approaches, A and B. To know which one to follow, run the command below.

test ! -f "/opt/bitnami/common/bin/openssl" && echo "Approach A: Using system packages." || echo "Approach B: Self-contained installation."

Configure host

For example, create a new site called

cp /opt/bitnami/apache2/conf/vhosts/sample-https-vhost.conf.disabled /opt/bitnami/apache2/conf/vhosts/underwater-https-vhost.conf
cp /opt/bitnami/apache2/conf/vhosts/sample-vhost.conf.disabled /opt/bitnami/apache2/conf/vhosts/underwater-vhost.conf

Update the content of the 2 new files that have been created just now, underwater-https-vhost.conf and underwater-vhost.conf

Setup SSL

To host multiple sites, list all the domains and subdomains that need https in one go, separate by spaces.

sudo /opt/bitnami/bncert-tool

Prevent directory browsing and setup error pages

Create a .htaccess a the root of a website:

# Don't list directories.
Options -Indexes

# Handle 404 page not found with a custom page.
ErrorDocument 404 /error.html

# Redirect unauthorised browsing to a funny page.
ErrorDocument 403 /unauthorised.html

Restart apache

sudo /opt/bitnami/ restart apache